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Jackson Pollock (1912 - 1956 )

1912 , geboren in Cody, Wyoming, USA am 28. Januar.

1912 Umzug der Familei nach San Diego,Ca.

1913 Umzug nach Phoenix, Az

1914 Umzug nach Chico, Ca wo Pollock die > primary school< besuchte.

1925-1927 Studium in Los Angeles,> Manual Arts School<

1930-1933 Studium in New York an der >Art Students League< bei Thomas Hart Benton and Robert Laurens (sculpture) In den dreißiger Jahren durch die späten kubistischen Bilder Picassos angeregt; Beschäftigung mit der Psychologie.

1931 heiratet Elizabeth England.

Intensive Reisen durch die USA von 1931 bis 1934.

1935 bis 1942 Arbeiten für das >Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project <(Easel and Mural Divisions )

Seit 1940 abstrakte Bilder (Mural, 1943)

1945 heiratet er Lee Krasner, Malerin in NY.

seit 1946 "Action painting"

1950-1951 fast ausschließlich Schwarzweißbilder.

1956 gestorben in Southampton, USA am 11, August durch tödlichen Autounfall durch Trunkenheit.

 

 

 

Kennzeichnend für Pollock ist die Tropftechnik («dripping») ohne mit einem Pinsel die Leinwand zu berühren und die Ausdehnung der auf dem Boden liegenden Bildformate (One, Number 31, 1950, 269 x 531 cm), die er im dynamischen, sich «automatistisch» vollziehenden Schaffensprozeß (siehe Informell, Surrealismus ) mit geflechtartig sich überlagernden Farbspuren überzog. Wichtigster Vertreter des Abstrakten Expressionismus.

Jackson Pollock, has been referred to as "probably the most famous American artist of the twentieth century. Pollock's mother, Stella May McClure Pollock, was known to be ambitious and controlling of her five sons; his father, LeRoy Pollock, was constantly on the move in search of employment. He studied in Los Angeles at the Manual Arts School in 1928, then as a student of Thomas Hart Benton and Robert Laurens (in sculpture) at the Art Students League in New York from 1930 to 1933. He married Elizabeth England in 1931. From 1930 he lived and worked in New York, travelling extensively in the US from 1931 to 1934. He was associated with the Easel and Mural Divisions of the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project from 1935 to 1942. In 1945 Pollock married Lee Krasner, also a well-known American painter.

Although a heavy smoker, that image of Pollock, taken from a 1949 photograph, the cigarette which, customarily dangled from his mouth. A victim of acute alcoholism, Pollock died tragically August 11, 1956 when, having lost control of his car, he was thrown against an oak tree. He died instantly from the resulting skull fracture.

References:

1. Justin Spring, The Essential Jackson Pollock  (New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1998) n.p.
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