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Man Ray (1890-1976)
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27 8.1890 Philadelphia , Pennsylvania - 18.11.1976 Paris

Achitekt, Werbezeichner, Maler, Zeichner, Fotograf, Fotomonteur, Filmregisseur (u. a. "L'etoile de mer", 1928, nach einem Gedicht von Desnos).Erfinder der Rayogramme, der Fotografien ohne Kamera.Kommt aus dem New-Yorker Dadaismus, wo er Picabia und Marcel Duchamp kennenlernte, 1921 nach Paris und beteiligt sich 1925 an der ersten Pariser Surrealismus-AusstellungWird der "Fotograf" des Surrealismus.Fotografiert 1926 für die Illustrierten die Haute-Couture-Sektion der Arts-Deco-Ausstellung. Macht fotografische Porträts von fast allen Surrealisten.1934 eine Fotomontage der Surrealistengruppe als Schachbrett (L'echiquier surreali ste).

Malt 1938 das berühmte "Imaginäre Porträt von D. A. F. de Sade".Nimmt eine Anstellung als Modefotograf bei dem Pariser Couturier Poiret an.Verkehrt im Salon von Gertrude Stein und im Kreis von Sylvia Beachs Pariser Buchhandlung Shakespeare and Company. Produziert in den dreißiger Jahren gemeinsam mit Eluard mehrere Bücher, die eine neue fotopoetische Bildsprache er proben.Geht 1940 in die USA zurück, malt wieder. 1951 Rückkehr nach Paris.

 

 

Memoiren

 

Self Portrait, New York 1963.

 

 

Sekundärliteratur

 

Arturo Schwarz, Man Ray, München 1980 (mit umfangreichem Bild-Teil) . R & B bei Zweitausendeins

 

 

Links

 

[Man Ray Digital photographic library] manray-photo com englisch/französisch

Man Ray Trust :Fostering worldwide recognition of the genius of the artist Man Ray: avant guard painter, photographer, sculptor/ object maker, illustrator, film maker, inventor, philosopher, dadaist, and surrealist. In addition to holding an extensive collection of Man Ray's original artwork (which is made availible for exhibition), the Man Ray Trust owns the copyrights, reproduction rights, intellectual and moral rights for virtually all of Man Ray's creations from the 1910's to 1976. In partnership with licensing agencies ADAGP/ARS and LCI, the Man Ray Trust promotes and licenses reproduction of Man Ray images in high quality books, magazines, newspapers, electronic media, calendars, posters, notecards, clothing, china, watches, and a variety of other fine publications and products. NEW Sections 11/98

Man-Ray-Ausstellung in Frankfurt Werke des Dadaisten und Fotopioniers in der Kunsthalle Schirn Von Tina Engemann

[Kunsthaus Zürich:Sammlung]Elevage de poussière, 1920

MAN RAYMaler und Graphiker Biografie dt

Fotografien v Man Ray site of art.de

Man Ray, Portrait imaginaire de Sade (1938) http://desade.free.fr/images/saderay.jpg

Man Ray :biografie -malerei objekt collage -photografie (Referat)http://wwwcga.tfh-berlin.de/umstaetter/Referate/referate/ray/home.html


Born in Philadelphia, Emmanuel Radnitsky grew up in New Jersey and became a commercial artist in New York in the 1910s. He began to sign his name Man Ray in 1912, although his family did not change its surname to Ray until the 1920s. He initially taught himself photography in order to reproduce his own works of art, which included paintings and mixed media. In 1921 he moved to Paris and set up a photography studio to support himself. There he began to make photograms, which he called "Rayographs."

Shortly before World War II, Man Ray returned to the United States and settled in Los Angeles from 1940 until 1951. He was disappointed that he was recognized only for his photography in America and not for the filmmaking, painting, sculpture, and other media in which he worked. In 1951 Man Ray returned to Paris, where he concentrated primarily on painting.

During a career that spanned more than fifty years, two continents, and work in many media, Man Ray (1890-1976) produced a large body of photographic images that continue to command our attention. This volume presents his early work in New York in the 1910s, selections from his sizable Paris oeuvre in the 20s, 30s, and 50s, and photographs taken during his time in Hollywood in the 40s. Though in later years he expressed a desire to be remembered as a painter, Man Ray continued to work with photography throughout his life, pushing the boundaries of the medium with cameraless images, solarized portraits, and other innovations.

The Getty Museum's collection of three hundred works by Man Ray includes vintage prints from the 1910s through the 1960s. Presented in this volume are more than fifty photographs, with commentary on each image by Katherine Ware, assistant curator of photographs at the J. Paul Getty Museum.

In Focus: Man Ray also contains a chronological overview of his life and an edited transcript of a colloquium on his career, with participants Ware; Jo Ann Callis, artist and teacher at the California Institute of the Arts; David Featherstone, independent editor and curator; Merry Foresta, senior curator at the National Museum of American Art in Washington, D.C.; Weston Naef, curator of photographs at the J. Paul Getty Museum; Francis Naumann, independent scholar and curator; and Dickran Tashjian, professor of art history at the University of California, Irvine.

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